The ideal for most modern democracies is to ensure that the basic needs of all citizens are met, and that all are able to reach their potential. Governments’ responsibilities in areas of education, healthcare, environmental protection and social justice, are affected by their ability to tax their citizens. Taxes rise with increases in economic growth, so governments see economic growth as the means of fulfilling their responsibilities. However, when growth becomes the overriding goal, policies are implemented which support growth without fulfilling these other obligations. Economic growth considered as a means to citizen well being (rather than as a end in itself) would be a policy change compatible with sustainable scale. The importance of sustainable scale for well being should be reflected in public policies.